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2014ĪOjg

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[1]



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1.jSjѸSLSgSS_~jMlgS_~jMS_~fSlcbfSLĪSlgS_~jMfSSSL~jj~L-4l

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3.ggjlcS_gSLLfSb|S_glcbbSL|gfSbbS_gb|lc2BS_~jMST|SlMgL|SSlc|SSSLSUl|lcfglMSb~ff۸LgULSl|bjlMjUSSClcbfjjTCSLjl|bT_lcjL~LS_۸ﶩlSSTfjLSj|Mljj30fTjSglcbSSjS_~LTjT۸jj|lcUSj|MljSjlcj|`jlS_glcĪgS_~jMlcl|۸jj|l

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5.~bS_۸ۼTSLӳĪ||ĪlT~201441620|lcS|Ml


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02.`j۳~SlcfLSTlMl|㶩l
lMAl|200lMBl|46lMCl|137lMDl|186

03.f]M82SlMl|l
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04.UٸLTS~_ljlMl|
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05.Ug|LSjSLLflMl|l
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06.fLﳰܸL|cLlMl|l
lMAl|M87lMBl|M67lMCl|M81lMDl|M86

07.SĪO~O|LfOLlMl|l
lMAl|LlMBl|SLlMCl|LlMDl|SL

08.SlcĪLLlMl|Sl
lMAl|25lMBl|5lMCl|12lMDl|18

09.jf|TĪSTLlMl|l
lMAl|lMBl|blMCl|SOlMDl|j

10.SSٳcSSSӳC|LSSTlMl|l
lMAl|4LlMBl|-8LlMCl|-4LlMDl|0L

11.ĪLSLLCljlMl|
lMAl|SlMBl|g-ScLlMCl|SOlMDl|b

12.20136lcѸblMl|Scl
lMAl|U10lMBl|U7lMCl|U8lMDl|U9

13lfLLLLLfܸLlMl|l
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14._SĪSl|CLlMl|l
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15.`SĪٿĪfLlMl|l
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16.SLL|cSTSSjSTĪLlMl|Sl
lMAl|4lMBl|400lMCl|4lMDl|400

17.S_lMl|l
lMAl|7915lMBl|913lMCl|2326lMDl|2512

18.ĪfSZSS|TCLĪTlMl|l
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19.SfLT`ljlMl|
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20.T߳︸SU|L`LljlMl|
lMAl|lbXlMBl|ĪSlMCl|Ī~SlMDl|~|U~

21.lMl|SbM|۸L~SSTcMg|l
lMAl|CGROlMBl|WMAPlMCl|SpitzerlMDl|IRAS

22.20138lcfbl`2013lcTSﳰL`ljlMl|
lMAl|`lMBl|g`lMCl|`lMDl|`

23.2014Tѳ~fLlMl|
lMAl|1024Ī|lMBl|415Ī|lMCl|429S|lMDl|108Ī|

24.SjlcSScO|LĪlLgĪLLS۸lcSSgLLfCljlMl|
lMAl|12lMBl|3lMCl|6lMDl|9

25.ST򸸥fSTlMl|TLSl
lMAl|206264lMBl|3lMCl|10lMDl|80624

26.TfC/2012 S1lMISONl|]LLjljlMl|
lMAl|20131129lMBl|2012921
lMCl|20131030lMDl|20131115

27.f]M42M78fLSTlMl|
lMAl|57lMBl|1lMCl|6lMDl|22

28.Sc~LgSfLlMl|l
lMAl|MlMBl|KlMCl|GlMDl|F

29.SS~SSL20136L~lcLLMSgTLljlMl|
lMAl|f~MSj~Ljl
lMBl|ܳLS`UL
lMCl|2300CTL
lMDl|fbOf-SSSSLl

30.ĪLMSgTLljlMl|
lMAl|201310SOT`~l
lMBl|Ī򳿹gSL]_LS~SlLSLS|l
lMCl|MCSĪL~TSbLl
lMDl|ĪS|STj]Slcb|ĪS|SfSlLĪl

31.blMl|S`l
lMAl|12lMBl|2lMCl|3lMDl|6

32.STS13966.8km/sLLSTlMl|Mpc
lMAl|3300lMBl|70lMCl|100lMDl|200

33.SLپ|LSl1STSlMl|l
lMAl|190lMBl|30lMCl|70lMDl|110

34.LjSLMSgTLljlMl|
lMAl|CallistoSMSLSjcl
lMBl|SIogLS_SfSl|ll
lMCl|SEuropa`S|L~jjSclTl
lMDl|CGanymedeĪL]SCfSTLl

35.jL3.44lcf/10lcjS20cmLSSLSlcSjLSljlMl|
lMAl|12lMBl|0.5lMCl|2lMDl|6

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[1]
W@gJ2008㳿|OS~j~lMS_۸l|
U@gJ2014ĪOjS_۸
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2014ĪOjS_۸
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